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Term of the Month

Defining Criminal Justice Research

Welcome to NIJ’s Term of the Month. Each month we are featuring a term from our scientific research portfolios informing significant American justice system issues and solutions. 

October 2021 — Intimate Partner Violence

Historically called domestic violence, intimate partner violence describes physical, sexual, or psychological harm by a current or former intimate partner or spouse. Types of intimate partner violence include physical violence, sexual violence, threats of physical or sexual violence, psychological/emotional violence, and stalking. 

Violence by an intimate partner is linked to both immediate and long-term health, social, and economic consequences. Factors at all levels — individual, relationship, community, and societal — contribute to intimate partner violence. This type of violence can occur among heterosexual or same-sex couples. 

Preventing intimate partner violence requires reaching a clear understanding of those factors, coordinating resources, and fostering and initiating change in individuals, families, and society. 

Related NIJ resources:  

Roadmap to Violence Against Women Research: The NIJ Compendium 

New Approaches to Policing High-Risk Intimate Partner Victims and Offenders (NIJ Journal Issue 282)

Employing Research To Understand Violence Against Women (NIJ Journal Issue 281) 

Child Trauma Response Team (CTRT): Pilot Program

Intimate Partner Violence topic page


Date Created: January 28, 2021