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Impact Sites Representing Potential Bruising Locations Associated With Rearward Falls in Children

NCJ Number
250013
Date Published
April 2016
Length
8 pages
Author(s)
R. Dsouza, G. Bertocci
Agencies
NIJ-Sponsored
Annotation
This study used a 12-month old pediatric anthropomorphic test device (ATD) adapted with a custom developed force-sensing skin to predict potential bruising locations during rearward falls from standing.
Abstract
Children presenting multiple unexplained bruises can be an early sign of physical abuse. Bruising locations on the body can be an effective indicator of abusive versus accidental trauma. Additionally, childhood falls are often used as falsely reported events in child abuse; however, characterization of potential bruising locations associated with these falls does not exist. The surrogate bruising detection system measured and displayed recorded force data on a computerized body image mapping system when sensors were activated. Simulated rearward fall experiments were performed onto two different impact surfaces (padded carpet and linoleum tile over concrete) with two different initial positions (standing upright and posteriorly inclined) so that the ATD would fall rearward upon release. Findings indicated impact locations, and thus the potential for bruising in the posterior plane primarily within the occipital head and posterior torso regions. (Publisher abstract modified)
Date Created: April 24, 2017