U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Principles of Forensic DNA for Officers of the Court

Forensic DNA Laboratory Organization

Home  |  Glossary  |  Resources  |  Help  |  Contact Us  |  Course Map

Photo of two scientists in a laboratory
National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (see reuse policy).

The crime lab systems in operation across the country vary in structure. Public crime labs may be federal-, state-, county-, or city-sponsored. Many public labs are associated with a law enforcement entity; some are associated with a district attorney's office, while others are independent government entities. Some forensic laboratories are privately held companies.

Not all laboratories are capable of providing comprehensive and complete forensic services. Some do not have the capability to conduct DNA testing and may need to contract out their DNA cases to other agencies or private corporations.

Back Forward