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Principles of Forensic DNA for Officers of the Court

Forensic DNA Databases

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map of the united states with the word CODIS in the foreground
National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (see reuse policy).

In 1990, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Laboratory began a pilot project called the Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) creating software that enables Federal, State, and local laboratories to exchange and compare DNA profiles electronically.

The Federal DNA Identification Act was enacted as part of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1995 (Public Law No. 103-322). That law authorized the FBI to establish a National DNA index for law enforcement. Since then, the Federal and State governments have invested significant resources toward developing a National database system.

Find information about CODIS from the FBI.

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