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Laboratory Orientation and Testing of Body Fluids and Tissues for Forensic Analysts

Laboratory Orientation

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Laboratory Orientation and Image of Safety Program Binder featuring Basic Procedures, Safety Requirements, and Quality Assurance
National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (see reuse policy).

Training to become a reporting forensic scientist is rigorous and time consuming. The first steps are to understand basic procedures, safety requirements, and the laboratory's quality assurance program(s).

The forensic scientist's job requires accurate record keeping, chain-of-custody documentation, stringent quality control, and data management. Forensic scientists must make sure that

  • the examination is comprehensive,
  • appropriate tests are selected,
  • tests are performed correctly,
  • interpretation of the data is accurate and thorough,
  • the written report is correct and easily understood by a non-scientist,
  • testimony is complete and truthful.

Laboratory safety programs are designed to prevent employees or visitors from being subjected to any unusual health or safety risks. Additionally, many safety programs strive to meet the Quality Assurance Standards (QAS) and relevant OSHA or regulatory requirements.

Laboratory quality assurance programs are designed to establish and monitor requirements for all work performed by the staff. New analysts must have a basic understanding of the laboratory's quality control requirements for clean techniques, facilities, equipment, and reagents prior to beginning training in specific laboratory methods.


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