Types of Evidence
This training module introduces and describes the following key concepts:
- Types of physical evidence frequently encountered at a property crime scene.
- Locard's Exchange Principle.
- Importance of maintaining the integrity of physical evidence.
- Sources of degradation of biological and trace evidence.
Physical evidence consists of tangible objects, such as biological material, fibers and latent fingerprints. Physical evidence is any object that can connect a victim or suspect to a crime scene. Biological evidence, which contains DNA, is not always visible to the naked eye.
Evidence may aid an investigator in re-creating the crime scene and establishing the sequence of events. Physical evidence can corroborate statements from the victim, witness and suspect. Physical evidence is objective and, when documented, collected and preserved properly, may be the only way to reliably place or link someone to a crime scene. Physical evidence is often referred to as the "silent witness."
Additional Online Courses
- What Every First Responding Officer Should Know About DNA Evidence
- Collecting DNA Evidence at Property Crime Scenes
- DNA – A Prosecutor’s Practice Notebook
- Crime Scene and DNA Basics
- Laboratory Safety Programs
- DNA Amplification
- Population Genetics and Statistics
- Non-STR DNA Markers: SNPs, Y-STRs, LCN and mtDNA
- Firearms Examiner Training
- Forensic DNA Education for Law Enforcement Decisionmakers
- What Every Investigator and Evidence Technician Should Know About DNA Evidence
- Principles of Forensic DNA for Officers of the Court
- Law 101: Legal Guide for the Forensic Expert
- Laboratory Orientation and Testing of Body Fluids and Tissues
- DNA Extraction and Quantitation
- STR Data Analysis and Interpretation
- Communication Skills, Report Writing, and Courtroom Testimony
- Español for Law Enforcement
- Amplified DNA Product Separation for Forensic Analysts