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Population Genetics and Statistics for Forensic Analysts


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Resources by Module

Population Theory

Works Cited

  1. Bindon, J. R. 2003. Population genetics. Lecture notes, Univ. of Alabama. http://www.as.ua.edu/ant/bindon/ant270/lectures/POPGEN.pdf
  2. Barbujani, G., A. Magagni, E. Minch, and L. L. Cavalli-Sforza. 1997. An apportionment of human DNA diversity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94 (9):4516–19.
  3. Tishkoff, S. A., and K. K. Kidd. 2004. Implications of biogeography of human populations for "race" and medicine. Nat Genet Suppl. no. 36 (11): S21–S27.
  4. Thompson, Margaret W., Roderick R. McInnes, and Huntington F. Willard. 1991. Thompson & Thompson genetics in medicine. 5th ed. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders.
  5. Dorak, M. Tevfik. 2005. Basic population genetics. http://dorakmt.tripod.com/genetics/popgen.html
  6. McClean, Phillip. 1997. Population and evolutionary genetics. http://www.cc.ndsu.nodak.edu/instruct/mcclean/plsc431/popgen/
  7. Griffiths, Anthony J. F., et al. 1998. An introduction to genetic analysis. 6thed. New York: W. H. Freeman. 
  8. Lodish, Harvey, Arnold Berk, S. Lawrence Zipursky, Paul Matsudaira, David Baltimore, and James E. Darnell. 2000. Molecular cell biology. New York: W. H. Freeman.
  9. Buckleton, John S., Christopher M. Triggs, Simon J. Walsh, eds. 2004. Forensic DNA evidence interpretation. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
  10. National Biological Information Infrastructure. 2005. Introduction to population genetics. Genetic biodiversity. http://genetics.nbii.gov/population.html
  11. Corstjens, H., H. A. Billiet, J. Frank, and K. C. Luyben. 1996. Variation of the pH of the background electrolyte due to electrode reactions in capillary electrophoresis: Theoretical approach and in situ measurement. Electrophoresis 17 (1):137–43.
  12. Darwin, Charles. 1859. On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. London: John Murray. Also available online at http://pages.britishlibrary.net/ charles.darwin/texts/origin1859/origin_fm.html.
  13. Biology-Online.Org. 2000. Natural selection in action. Genetics and evolution http://www.biology-online.org/2/11_natural_selection.htm
  14. Strachan, T., and A. P. Read. 1999. Human molecular genetics. 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
  15. Jobling, M. A., and P. Gill. 2004. Encoded evidence: DNA in forensic analysis. Nature Reviews Genetics 5 (10):739–51.

Online Links

  • Population Subgroups in NRC
  • Subpopulation Theory in NRC


Works Cited

  1. Evett, Ian W., and Bruce S. Weir. 1998. Interpreting DNA evidence: Statistical genetics for forensic scientists. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.
  2. Aitken, C. G. G. 1995. Statistics and the evaluation of evidence for forensic scientists. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons.
  3. Aitken, C. G. G., and D. A. Stoney. 1991. The use of statistics in forensic science. New York: Ellis Horwood.
  4. Butler, John M. 2001. Forensic DNA typing: Biology and technology behind STR markers. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
  5. Buckleton, John, Christopher M. Triggs, and Simon J. Walsh, eds. 2005. Forensic DNA evidence interpretation. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
  6. Butler, John M. 2005. Forensic DNA typing: Biology, technology, and genetics of STR markers. 2nd ed. Burlington, MA: Elsevier Academic Press.
  7. National Research Council Committee on DNA Forensic Science: An Update. 1996. The evaluation of forensic DNA evidence. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
  8. Lim, S. E., W. F. Tan-Siew, C. K. Syn, H .C. Ang, S. T. Chow, and B. Budowle. 2005. Genetic data for the 13 CODIS STR loci in Singapore Indians. Forensic Sci Int 148 (1) : 65–7.
  9. Budowle, B., B. Shea, S. Niezgoda, and R. Chakraborty. 2001.CODIS STR loci data from 41 sample populations. J Forensic Sci 46 (3): 453–89.
  10. Grinstead, Charles M., and J. Laurie Snell. 1997. Introduction to probability. 2nd rev. ed. Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society. http://www.dartmouth.edu/~chance/teaching_aids/ books_articles/probability_book/book-5-17-03.pdf.
  11. Glosser, G. 2005. Lesson on introduction to probability. In Mrs. Glosser's Math Goodieshttp://www.mathgoodies.com/ lessons/vol6/intro_probability.html, (2005).
  12. DNA Advisory Board. 2000. Statistical and population genetics issues affecting the evaluation of the frequency of occurrence of DNA profiles calculated from pertinent population databases. Forensic Science Communications 2 (3). http://www.fbi.gov/hq/lab/fsc/backissu/july2000/dnastat.htm.
  13. Devlin, B. 1993. Forensic inference from genetic markers. Stat Methods Med Res 2 (3): 241–62.
  14. Bayes, T. 1763. An essay toward solving a problem in the doctrine of chances. In Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 53: 370–418. http://www.stat.ucla.edu/history/essay.pdf.
  15. Devore, Jay L. 2000. Probability and statistics for engineering and the sciences. 5th ed. Pacific Grove, CA: Duxbury Press.
  16. LaBerge, G. 2004. Analysis of DNA forensic evidence. PowerPoint presentation.
  17. Evett, I. W., G. Jackson, J. A. Lambert, and S. McCrossan. 2000. The impact of the principles of evidence interpretation on the structure and content of statements. Sci Justice 40 (4): 233–9.
  18. City of Phoenix Police Department Laboratory Services Bureau Forensic Biology Protocol(s).
  19. MDS Diagnostic Services. 2005. DNA parentage testing. http://www.mdsdx.com/MDS_Diagnostic_Services/ Patients/TestInfo/DNA_Parentage.asp.
  20. Primorac, D., and M. S. Schanfield. 2000. Application of forensic DNA testing in the legal system. Croatian Medical Journal 41 (1): 32–46.
  21. Ostrowski, R. 2003. Paternity indices. Paper presented at Statistics of DNA Profiling forum, Ohio. http://bioforensics.com/conference/Paternity/.
  22. Isenberg, A. R., and J. M. Moore. 1999. Mitochondrial DNA analysis at the FBI Laboratory. Forensic Science Communications 1 (2). http://www.fbi.gov/hq/lab/fsc/backissu/july1999/dnalist.htm.