Resources by Module
- Bindon, J. R. 2003. Population genetics. Lecture notes, Univ. of Alabama. http://www.as.ua.edu/ant/bindon/ant270/lectures/POPGEN.pdf
- Barbujani, G., A. Magagni, E. Minch, and L. L. Cavalli-Sforza. 1997. An apportionment of human DNA diversity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94 (9):4516–19.
- Tishkoff, S. A., and K. K. Kidd. 2004. Implications of biogeography of human populations for "race" and medicine. Nat Genet Suppl. no. 36 (11): S21–S27.
- Thompson, Margaret W., Roderick R. McInnes, and Huntington F. Willard. 1991. Thompson & Thompson genetics in medicine. 5th ed. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders.
- Dorak, M. Tevfik. 2005. Basic population genetics. http://dorakmt.tripod.com/genetics/popgen.html
- McClean, Phillip. 1997. Population and evolutionary genetics. http://www.cc.ndsu.nodak.edu/instruct/mcclean/plsc431/popgen/
- Griffiths, Anthony J. F., et al. 1998. An introduction to genetic analysis. 6thed. New York: W. H. Freeman.
- Lodish, Harvey, Arnold Berk, S. Lawrence Zipursky, Paul Matsudaira, David Baltimore, and James E. Darnell. 2000. Molecular cell biology. New York: W. H. Freeman.
- Buckleton, John S., Christopher M. Triggs, Simon J. Walsh, eds. 2004. Forensic DNA evidence interpretation. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
- National Biological Information Infrastructure. 2005. Introduction to population genetics. Genetic biodiversity. http://genetics.nbii.gov/population.html
- Corstjens, H., H. A. Billiet, J. Frank, and K. C. Luyben. 1996. Variation of the pH of the background electrolyte due to electrode reactions in capillary electrophoresis: Theoretical approach and in situ measurement. Electrophoresis 17 (1):137–43.
- Darwin, Charles. 1859. On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. London: John Murray. Also available online at http://pages.britishlibrary.net/ charles.darwin/texts/origin1859/origin_fm.html.
- Biology-Online.Org. 2000. Natural selection in action. Genetics and evolution http://www.biology-online.org/2/11_natural_selection.htm
- Strachan, T., and A. P. Read. 1999. Human molecular genetics. 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
- Jobling, M. A., and P. Gill. 2004. Encoded evidence: DNA in forensic analysis. Nature Reviews Genetics 5 (10):739–51.
- Population Subgroups in NRC
- Subpopulation Theory in NRC
- Evett, Ian W., and Bruce S. Weir. 1998. Interpreting DNA evidence: Statistical genetics for forensic scientists. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.
- Aitken, C. G. G. 1995. Statistics and the evaluation of evidence for forensic scientists. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons.
- Aitken, C. G. G., and D. A. Stoney. 1991. The use of statistics in forensic science. New York: Ellis Horwood.
- Butler, John M. 2001. Forensic DNA typing: Biology and technology behind STR markers. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
- Buckleton, John, Christopher M. Triggs, and Simon J. Walsh, eds. 2005. Forensic DNA evidence interpretation. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
- Butler, John M. 2005. Forensic DNA typing: Biology, technology, and genetics of STR markers. 2nd ed. Burlington, MA: Elsevier Academic Press.
- National Research Council Committee on DNA Forensic Science: An Update. 1996. The evaluation of forensic DNA evidence. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
- Lim, S. E., W. F. Tan-Siew, C. K. Syn, H .C. Ang, S. T. Chow, and B. Budowle. 2005. Genetic data for the 13 CODIS STR loci in Singapore Indians. Forensic Sci Int 148 (1) : 65–7.
- Budowle, B., B. Shea, S. Niezgoda, and R. Chakraborty. 2001.CODIS STR loci data from 41 sample populations. J Forensic Sci 46 (3): 453–89.
- Grinstead, Charles M., and J. Laurie Snell. 1997. Introduction to probability. 2nd rev. ed. Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society. http://www.dartmouth.edu/~chance/teaching_aids/ books_articles/probability_book/book-5-17-03.pdf.
- Glosser, G. 2005. Lesson on introduction to probability. In Mrs. Glosser's Math Goodies. http://www.mathgoodies.com/ lessons/vol6/intro_probability.html, (2005).
- DNA Advisory Board. 2000. Statistical and population genetics issues affecting the evaluation of the frequency of occurrence of DNA profiles calculated from pertinent population databases. Forensic Science Communications 2 (3). http://www.fbi.gov/hq/lab/fsc/backissu/july2000/dnastat.htm.
- Devlin, B. 1993. Forensic inference from genetic markers. Stat Methods Med Res 2 (3): 241–62.
- Bayes, T. 1763. An essay toward solving a problem in the doctrine of chances. In Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 53: 370–418. http://www.stat.ucla.edu/history/essay.pdf.
- Devore, Jay L. 2000. Probability and statistics for engineering and the sciences. 5th ed. Pacific Grove, CA: Duxbury Press.
- LaBerge, G. 2004. Analysis of DNA forensic evidence. PowerPoint presentation.
- Evett, I. W., G. Jackson, J. A. Lambert, and S. McCrossan. 2000. The impact of the principles of evidence interpretation on the structure and content of statements. Sci Justice 40 (4): 233–9.
- City of Phoenix Police Department Laboratory Services Bureau Forensic Biology Protocol(s).
- MDS Diagnostic Services. 2005. DNA parentage testing. http://www.mdsdx.com/MDS_Diagnostic_Services/ Patients/TestInfo/DNA_Parentage.asp.
- Primorac, D., and M. S. Schanfield. 2000. Application of forensic DNA testing in the legal system. Croatian Medical Journal 41 (1): 32–46.
- Ostrowski, R. 2003. Paternity indices. Paper presented at Statistics of DNA Profiling forum, Ohio. http://bioforensics.com/conference/Paternity/.
- Isenberg, A. R., and J. M. Moore. 1999. Mitochondrial DNA analysis at the FBI Laboratory. Forensic Science Communications 1 (2). http://www.fbi.gov/hq/lab/fsc/backissu/july1999/dnalist.htm.
Additional Online Courses
- What Every First Responding Officer Should Know About DNA Evidence
- Collecting DNA Evidence at Property Crime Scenes
- DNA – A Prosecutor’s Practice Notebook
- Crime Scene and DNA Basics
- Laboratory Safety Programs
- DNA Amplification
- Population Genetics and Statistics
- Non-STR DNA Markers: SNPs, Y-STRs, LCN and mtDNA
- Firearms Examiner Training
- Forensic DNA Education for Law Enforcement Decisionmakers
- What Every Investigator and Evidence Technician Should Know About DNA Evidence
- Principles of Forensic DNA for Officers of the Court
- Law 101: Legal Guide for the Forensic Expert
- Laboratory Orientation and Testing of Body Fluids and Tissues
- DNA Extraction and Quantitation
- STR Data Analysis and Interpretation
- Communication Skills, Report Writing, and Courtroom Testimony
- Español for Law Enforcement
- Amplified DNA Product Separation for Forensic Analysts