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Increasing Bystander Behavior to Prevent Adolescent Relationship Violence: A Randomized Controlled Trial

NCJ Number
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology Volume: 87 Issue: 1 Dated: 2019 Pages: 3-15
Date Published
13 pages

This article reports a randomized controlled trial that evaluated TakeCARE, a video bystander program designed to help prevent relationship and sexual violence among high school students.


High school students (n = 165) were randomly assigned to view TakeCARE or a control video. Students completed self-report measures of bystander behavior and bystander self-efficacy before viewing the videos. One week later, students completed the self-efficacy measure and were observed in virtual reality simulations of situations that offered opportunities to engage in bystander behavior. Measures were readministered at a 6-month follow-up. Results: Compared to students who viewed the control video, students who viewed TakeCARE self-reported more bystander behavior at the 6-month follow-up. They were also observed to engage in greater levels of bystander behavior in the virtual reality simulations at postintervention and 6-month follow-up. Self-efficacy partially mediated this effect on observed bystander behavior. Conclusion: Video bystander programs like TakeCARE might be an effective addition to high school efforts to prevent relationship and sexual violence. (Published abstract provided)


Date Published: January 1, 2019