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The Relationship of School Climate With Out-of-School Suspensions

NCJ Number
254705
Date Published
2018
Length
12 pages
Author(s)
Francis L. Huang; Dewey Cornell
Agencies
NIJ-Sponsored
Publication Type
Research (Applied/Empirical), Report (Study/Research), Report (Grant Sponsored), Program/Project Description
Grant Number(s)
2014-CK-BX-0004
Annotation
Since the use of out-of-school suspensions, particularly for Black students, is recognized as a serious concern, given the many negative consequences associated with being removed from school. this study tested the hypothesis that an authoritative school climate (ASC), characterized by strict but fair discipline and supportive teacher-student relationships, is associated with a lower likelihood of suspensions.
Abstract
Logistic regression models were used to analyze cross-sectional, student-report survey data from a Virginia statewide sample of 75,081 6th, 7th, and 8th grade students from 310 middle schools. Results indicated that, after controlling for student and school characteristics, higher ASC was associated with a lower likelihood of receiving a suspension. The beneficial association of an ASC did not vary differentially by student race/ethnicity. 3 tables, 2 figures, and 100 references (publisher abstract modified)
Date Created: July 20, 2021