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Identifying COVID-19 Policies and Practice that Juvenile Justice Systems Should Maintain Long-Term: Listening Session 6: Juvenile Court Judges

NCJ Number
Date Published
5 pages

This document reports on listening sessions with juvenile court judges that explored the application and outcomes of policy changes to juvenile justice system practices in response to the Covid-19 pandemic, with the central goal of determining which practices should be continued, and how.


This report describes research activities that aimed to answer three questions: how U.S. juvenile justice systems responded to the Covid-19 pandemic and how policies change regarding transfers between and releases from juvenile residential facilities; how the different policy responses are associated with youth and public safety outcomes; and what resources are needed to sustain those policies that were associated with positive outcomes. The authors describe the setting, participants, and focus of their research activities, and provide a detailed breakdown of their findings. They highlight judges’ concerns about the impact of remote hearings on equity and fairness for the juveniles, and that judges commented that while remote hearings may prevent the spread of Covid-19, they make it harder to assess factors related to youth safety and wellbeing. 

Date Published: January 1, 2023