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Estimating School Climate Traits Across Multiple Informants: An Illustration of a Multitrait-Multimethod Validation Through Latent Variable Modeling

NCJ Number
252280
Date Published
2017
Length
16 pages
Author(s)
Timothy R. Konold; Kathan. Shukla
Agencies
NIJ-Sponsored
Publication Type
Research (Applied/Empirical), Report (Study/Research), Report (Grant Sponsored), Program/Project Description
Grant Number(s)
2014-CK-BX-0004
Annotation
This project illustrates the usefulness of a latent variable multilevel multitrait-multimethod measurement model for extracting trait factors from reports of school climate obtained by students (N = 45,641) and teachers (N = 12,808) residing within 302 high schools.
Abstract
The use of multiple informants is common in assessments that rely on the judgments of others; however, ratings obtained from different informants often vary as a function of their perspectives and roles in relation to the target of measurement, as well as causes unrelated to the trait being measured. The current project extended its framework to include assessments of linkages between the resulting trait factors and potential outcomes that might be used for addressing questions of substantive interest or providing evidence of concurrent validity. The approach is illustrated with data obtained from student and teacher reports of two dimensions of school climate, student engagement, and the prevalence of teasing and bullying in their schools. (Publisher abstract modified)
Date Created: July 20, 2021