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Detection of Phytocannabinoids From Buccal Swabs by Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction - Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry

NCJ Number
253218
Author(s)
Tiffany Franklin; Lauren Perry; Wei-Chuan Shih; Jom Yu
Date Published
2018
Length
5 pages
Annotation
In this study, headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME), which is a solvent-free extraction technique, was configured with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) to detect phytocannabinoids from buccal swabs.
Abstract
The HS-SPME extraction procedure, i.e. extraction time, extraction temperature, thermal desorption parameters as well as headspace derivatization, were evaluated to extract major phytocannabinoids from the headspace of air-dried buccal swab samples. Sub micrograms of Ä9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) spiked onto buccal swabs could be extracted and detected by the HS-SPME-GC/MS approach. The analytical system can be readily automated without the use of solvent extraction. No interference peaks for phytocannabinoids were found in the total ion chromatograms obtained from the tested buccal swabs using cotton as the substrate. Interference background can also be minimized by using selected ion monitoring. This analytical approach potentially could be adopted to detect marijuana smokers by the identification of residual phytocannabinoids from oral cavities for forensic applications. (publisher abstract modified)

Date Published: January 1, 2018