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Are All Welcome? An Empirical Examination of Visitor Networks Among Incarcerated Youth

NCJ Number
Criminal Justice Policy Review Volume: 33 Issue: 7 Dated: 2022 Pages: 688-710
Date Published
23 pages

This study examines visitor networks of incarcerated youth.


Using latent class analysis, this study examines whether incarcerated youths’ visitors form unique networks, and whether the visitation-recidivism relationship differs across these groups. Results indicate that youths’ visitors fall into three categories: caretakers, immediate family, or a full network of visitors, and that the visitation-recidivism relationship differs across these groups. The results underscore the need for future research to consider not only the individual visitors that incarcerated persons receive but also their visitor network as a whole. Although research finds that visitation can be quite beneficial for incarcerated youth, there is variability in when visits matter. One source of heterogeneity is who visits, with existing research finding that certain visitor types are more helpful than others. (Published Abstract Provided)

Date Published: January 1, 2022