Less-lethal technologies were developed to provide law enforcement and corrections personnel with an alternative to lethal force. They are designed to temporarily incapacitate, confuse or delay citizens in a variety of situations. These technologies include blunt trauma devices, chemical, electrical, and energy devices and vehicle stopping mechanisms. While these technologies have generally been welcomed by law enforcement and corrections officers, a number of issues have been raised regarding proper use. During discussion, we will inventory the operational issues, and talk about resources, research and potential solutions.