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Intergenerational Transmission of Violence: The Mediating role of Adolescent Psychopathology Symptoms

NCJ Number
253921
Date Published
2019
Length
13 pages
Author(s)
Sabina Low; Stacey S. Tiberio; Joann W. Shortt; Carrie Mulford
Agencies
NIJ-Sponsored
Publication Type
Research (Applied/Empirical), Report (Study/Research), Report (Grant Sponsored), Program/Project Description
Grant Number(s)
2013-VA-CX-0007
Annotation
This study tested a prospective moderated-mediational model in which adolescent psychopathology symptoms (internalizing, externalizing, and combined) mediated the association between exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) in middle childhood and young adult IPV perpetration, controlling for proximal young adult partner and relationship characteristics.
Abstract
Evidence on the intergenerational continuity of intimate partner violence (IPV) suggests small to moderate associations between childhood exposure and young adult IPV involvement, suggesting an indirect effects model. Yet, few prospective studies have formally tested meditational mechanisms. The sample for the current study consisted of 205 participants, who were, on average, assessed for exposure to parent IPV at age 12.30 years, adolescent psychopathology symptoms at age 15.77 years, and young adult IPV at 21.30 years of age. Data suggest a small, significant direct path from IPV exposure to young adult perpetration, mediated only through adolescent externalizing. Gender moderation analyses reveal differences in sensitivity to exposure across developmental periods; for males, effects of exposure were intensified during the transition to adolescence; whereas, for females, effects were amplified during the transition to adulthood. In both cases, the mediational role of psychopathology symptoms was no longer significant once partner antisocial behavior was modeled. Findings have important implications for both theory and timing of risk conveyance. (publisher abstract modified)
Date Created: July 20, 2021