Victims of elder abuse can suffer from serious physical and mental health problems for years after mistreatment has occurred. National Institute of Justice-funded researchers analyzed data from the second wave of interviews of the National Elder Mistreatment Study to gain a better understanding of the negative effects of elder abuse. In Wave I of the study, researchers interviewed 5,777 adults age 60 or older in 2008. For Wave II, conducted 8 years after Wave I, researchers collected data from 774 Wave I participants. This article summarizes the study's findings, including the finding that victims of elder abuse who receive strong social support experience less depression and report less generalized anxiety and poor health.