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Examining the Relative Utility of PBIS Implementation Fidelity Scores in Relation to Student Outcomes

NCJ Number
Remedial and Special Education Volume: 40 Issue: 1 Dated: 2019 Pages: 6-15
Date Published
10 pages

This study examined various Schoolwide Evaluation Tool (SET) cut points in reference to school-level outcomes across 180 elementary, middle, and high schools participating in randomized trials of the Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) program, with a focus on the implementation fidelity achieved in the sample, as well as within each school level (i.e., elementary, middle, and high).


There are several widely used Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) implementation fidelity measures, including the Schoolwide Evaluation Tool (SET), but there is limited empirical investigation that substantiates the association between specific fidelity cut point scores and student outcomes. The current study used the binary complier index to examine the association of each of three SET cut points with behavioral and academic outcomes, using t tests and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses. Although the t tests did not provide confirmation of one specific cut point, post hoc analyses suggested that the cut point may need to be tailored to school levels. There was moderate convergence between implementation on one scale (i.e., responses to behavioral violations) and academic achievement, based on ROC curve analyses for the 70 percent and 80 percent cut points. Implications for research and practice are discussed. (publisher abstract modified)

Date Published: January 1, 2019