U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

E-cigarette Use of Young Adults Motivations and Associations With Combustible Cigarette Alcohol, Marijuana, and Other Illicit Drugs

NCJ Number
252422
Date Published
Author(s)
Jeff R. Temple
Annotation
This study examined associations between e]cigarette use and the use of other substances, with attention to motives for e]cigarette use among young adults.
Abstract
Although the prevalence of e]cigarette use among adolescents and young adults has caught up to or eclipsed that of combustible cigarette use, there is relatively little known about (a) the link between e]cigarettes and other substances and (b) the reasons underlying this increase in e]cigarette use. The current study addressed this research gap. Participants included an ethnically diverse sample of African-American, White, and Hispanic young adults (N = 662; 61 percent female) who were participating in an ongoing survey]based longitudinal study of health and risky behaviors. Hispanic, White, and male young adults reported significantly greater past year e]cigarette use compared to their African- American and female counterparts. Bivariate correlations showed that use of e]cigarettes was positively associated with use of combustible cigarettes, alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, amphetamines, inhalants, hallucinogens, ecstasy, and misuse of over]the]counter and prescription medications. Furthermore, e]cigarette users reported a higher prevalence of substance use relative to those who did not use e]cigarettes. The taste of e]cigarettes was identified as an important motive for use. Although the potential harm associated with e]cigarettes remains largely unknown, e]cigarettes appear to be a risk marker for the use of substances that are known to pose substantial health problems. Healthcare providers should screen for e]cigarette use, and youth substance-use prevention programs should target the reduction of e]cigarette use, with attention to addressing their taste appeal. (Publisher abstract modified)
Date Created: December 1, 2019