U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Demographic Variables Associated With Competence To Stand Trial Referral and Evaluation of Criminal Defendants With Mental Retardation

NCJ Number
133227
Author(s)
C Everington
Date Published
January 1989
Length
14 pages
Annotation
Ninety-three offenders divided into four groups -- mentally typical defendants, mentally retarded defendants not referred for competence evaluation, and mentally retarded defendants recommended as competent or incompetent -- were compared at the pre-trial level on selected demographic variables.
Abstract
The findings suggest that mentally typical defendants were most likely to be on pretrial release and that mentally retarded offenders who had been found incompetent to stand trial were most likely to have been charged with personal crimes. There were no significant differences among the groups in terms of prior offenses or between the groups who had mental retardation in IQ score or in the presence of dual diagnosis. However, a further comparison between defendants referred for competence evaluations and those not referred found that the former group was more likely to have a dual diagnosis. This study suggests a need for future research into the relationship between offender characteristics, charge, and dispositional alternatives and competence referral and determination. 3 tables and 26 notes

Date Published: January 1, 1989