U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Aptamer Functionalized Microcantilever Sensors for Cocaine Detection

NCJ Number
255425
Journal
Langmuir Volume: 27 Issue: 23 Pages: 14696-14702
Author(s)
K. Kang; A. Sachan; M. Nilsen-Hamilton; P. Shrotriya
Date Published
February 2022
Length
7 pages
Annotation

This article reports on the use of a cocaine-specific aptamer as a receptor molecule in a microcantilever-based surface stress sensor for detection of cocaine molecules.

Abstract

An interferometric technique that relies on measuring differential displacement between two microcantilevers (a sensing/reference pair) was used to measure the cocaine/aptamer binding induced surface stress changes. Sensing experiments were performed for different concentrations of cocaine from 25 to 500 μM in order to determine the sensor response as a function of cocaine concentration. In the lower concentration range from 25 to 100 μM, surface stress values increased proportionally to coverage of aptamer/cocaine complexes from 11 to 26 mN/m; however, as the cocaine concentration was increased beyond 100 μM, the surface stress values demonstrated a weaker dependence on the affinity complex surface coverage. Based on a sensitivity of 3 mN/m for the surface stress measurement, the lowest detectable threshold for the cocaine concentration was estimated to be 5 μM. Sensing cantilevers could be regenerated and reused because of reversible thermal denaturation of aptamer. 1 figure (publisher abstract modified)

Date Published: February 18, 2022