Post-award requirements for research, development, and evaluation awards are outlined below.
Information provided below is meant to provide applicants and grantees with guidelines on the various post-award requirements expected of NIJ grantees should they receive NIJ funding. Grantees should consult the funding solicitation, and their specific award special conditions for additional information on award requirements. For questions related to post-award requirements and how they pertain to an NIJ award, contact the assigned Grant Manager.
- Data Archiving
- Reporting Requirements
- Human Subjects and Privacy Protection
- Research and Evaluation Independence and Integrity
Before the end of the grant award period, grant recipients must archive data according to the Data Archiving Plan approved by NIJ, and consistent with the approved Privacy Certificate and any other approved human subject protections documentation at NIJ’s National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD) website. Unless otherwise specified in writing by the NIJ Grant Manager, as authorized by the appropriate NIJ authority, data submission is required for all research, development, and evaluation awards, and the requirement may not be unilaterally modified or waived. Please see the grant agreement and grant award conditions for further information.
Grant recipients are strongly encouraged to submit data sets 90 days or earlier prior to the end of the award project period. NIJ may require grant recipients to modify data sets after initial submission to meet the specifications outlined in the grant program solicitation, grant agreement, according to archiving instructions, or due to concerns with data quality. Grant recipients are required to sufficiently address requests for modification in a timely manner, and therefore grantees should leave time within the grant award project period to make these adjustments.
Data deposits must include:
- The Data Submission Checklist (pdf, 6 pages)
- Data Archiving Plan (updated for project completion)
- IRB approval, informed consent, and privacy certificate
- Data (de-identified)
- Inventory of files
- Other artifacts that NIJ may request.
For complete details, download the Data Submission Checklist and Secondary Data Analyst User's Guide (pdf, 6 pages).
Data specialists at NACJD review submitted data and documentation and provide a Deposit Review Report to the NIJ grant manager and the NACJD program manager.
If the data as initially submitted require further revision, the grant manager contacts the grantee with specific issues that the grantee, NACJD data specialist, and grant manager work to address. The data or related materials are then resubmitted.
Once approved by the NIJ grant manager, data are processed for inclusion in the archive and fund withholding conditions are removed from the related grant. Once processed, the data are made available at an appropriate level of protection.
Research Performance Progress Report (RPPR)
All organizations or individuals receiving funds from NIJ for research, development, and evaluation projects must submit their semi-annual progress report using the RPPR format. See Research Performance Progress Report Guidelines for NIJ Awardees for guidance on preparing these reports. NIJ will not accept semi-annual progress reports that do not conform to this format under research, development, and evaluation awards.
Final Research Report (Awards Made in 2017 and After)
NIJ expects award recipients to generate scholarly products, such as peer-reviewed journal articles, law review articles, patents, and prototypes, as appropriate. In addition, awardees are required to submit a Final Research Report on, or before, the last day of the grant project period.
The Final Research Report should be a double-spaced manuscript that is well-developed, concise, and suitable for publication. Award recipients should expect that all or part of the final report will be made available to the public.
While there is no specific page limit, award recipients are strongly encouraged to produce succinct Final Research Reports with the expectation that overly long reports may be returned. Final Research Reports should be written in a manner that makes the content accessible to a broad audience which includes practitioners, policymakers, and other researchers.
The Final Research Report should include the following sections, which largely align to the RPPR format, but should be cumulative and prepared with public dissemination in mind. The Final Research Report should be submitted through the ‘Special Report’ function in the Grants Management System:
- Cover Page with:
- Federal award number (as it appears on the award document)
- Project title (as it appears on the award document)
- Project Director/Principal Investigator (PD/PI)
- Contact information (e-mail, address, and phone)
- Award recipient organization (name and address)
- Project period (as it appears on the award document)
- Award amount (as it appears on the award document)
- Summary of the project
- Major goals and objectives
- Research questions
- Research design, methods, analytical and data analysis techniques
- Expected applicability of the research
- Participants and other collaborating organizations
- Changes in approach from original design and reason for change, if applicable
- Results and findings
- List of products (e.g., publications, conference papers, technologies, websites, databases), including locations of these products on the Internet or in other archives or databases
- Data sets generated (broad descriptions will suffice)
- Dissemination activities
Note that this reporting requirement does not apply to awards made under the Graduate Research Fellowship Program solicitations. For Graduate Research Fellows, the final deliverable is an official signed copy of the doctoral student's defended dissertation.
Summary Overview (Awards Made Prior to 2017)
Recipients of grants issued prior to 2017 are expected to generate scholarly products, such as peer reviewed journal articles, law review articles, patents and prototypes, as appropriate. In addition, grantees are required to submit a Final Summary Overview. This Overview will summarize the research project and include sections that state the purpose, project subjects (if applicable), project design and methods, data analysis, findings, and implications for criminal justice policy and practice in the United States. The Final Summary Overview should not exceed 10 double-spaced pages, and should be submitted 90 days prior to the project’s end date.
Human Subjects and Privacy Protection
All NIJ employees, contractors, and award recipients must be cognizant of the importance of protecting the rights and welfare of human subject research participants. All research conducted at NIJ or supported with NIJ funds must comply with all Federal, U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), Office of Justice Programs, and NIJ regulations and policies concerning the protection of human subjects and the DOJ confidentiality requirements.
For additional guidance regarding human subjects and privacy protection, please visit this page.
Participant Support Costs and Incentives
Participant support costs, which includes stipends, are allowable for some research projects funded by NIJ with the appropriate justification and approval. Participant support costs may include direct costs for items such as subsistence allowances, travel allowances, and registration fees paid to, or on behalf of, participants or trainees (but not employees) in connection with the proposed research study.
For more information on participant support costs, including how to prepare a request for the use of incentives on an NIJ award, please visit this page.
Research and Evaluation Independence and Integrity
Research independence and integrity pertains only to ensuring that the design, conduct or reporting of research funded by NIJ grants, cooperative agreements or contracts will not be biased by any financial interest on the part of the investigators responsible for the research or on the part of the applicant. We strongly encourage applicants to review each solicitation document for specific requirements on research, development, and evaluation programs.
The application must explain the process and procedures that are the applicant has put in place to identify and manage potential financial conflicts of interest on the part of its staff, consultants and/or sub-grantees and sub-contractors. The application must also identify any potential organizational financial conflicts of interest on the part of the applicant with regard to the proposed research. If the applicant believes that there are no potential organizational financial conflicts of interest, the applicant must provide a brief narrative explanation of why it believes that to be the case.
Where potential organizational financial conflicts of interest exist, the application must identify the safeguards the applicant has put in place to address those conflicts of interest.
A thorough discussion of process and procedures related to identifying and managing potential financial conflicts of interest on the part of researchers can be found on the National Institutes of Health's Conflicts of Interest Web page. Though this information solely reflects the policies of the National Institutes of Health, the guidance offered may be helpful to NIJ applicants. It is offered purely as an example of best practices.
[note 1] If a grant recipient is unsure as to whether a grant award is designated as a research, development, or evaluation award, please contact the assigned NIJ Grant Manager.
[note 2] Because of increased submissions of data sets, not all data are processed for dissemination. Some data are processed only for preservation or until they are requested. A study description (metadata) is always added to the NACJD data collection regardless of how the data are processed and published.
[note 3] Please note that the Final Research Report is not a substitution for a final semi-annual progress report for the final reporting period of the project, and that closeout cannot be initiated until all required deliverables are submitted and approved by NIJ.