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We Don't Like Your Type Around Here: Regional and Residential Differences in Exposure to Online Hate Material targeting sexuality

NCJ Number
Matthew Costello; Joseph Rukus; James Hawdon
Date Published
17 pages
This study identified the factors related to online targeting of hate material based on sexual orientation, using a sample of 968 Internet users ages 15-36.
Using logistic regression analysis, the study found that social network usage, online antagonism, informal online social control, and a lack of online anonymity increased the likelihood of being targeted. Moreover, individuals living in the southern region of the United States were nearly three times as likely to be targeted by hate related to sexual orientation; whereas, those living in rural areas were more than twice as likely to face such targeting. (publisher abstract modified)

Date Published: January 1, 2018