U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Understanding the Fear of Crime and Perceived Risk Across Immigrant Generations: Does the Quality of Social Ties Matter?

NCJ Number
Crime & Delinquency Dated: July 2022 Pages: 1-32
Date Published
32 pages

This study examines the relationships between immigration, social ties, and perceptions of safety.


The authors estimated immigrant generation by race/ethnicity interactions to uncover unique patterns across subpopulations of immigrants while controlling for important neighborhood contextual factors. Immigrant generation was negatively associated with feelings of fear. First-generation Asian immigrants reported the greatest level of fear in the sample. High-quality social ties were negatively associated with fear of crime, while the number of social ties was unrelated to fear. Results suggest first-generation immigrants are in a precarious position in society with respect to feeling safe in their neighborhoods. Local officials should seek ways to provide accurate messaging on the threat of victimization in immigrant communities. (Published abstract provided)


Date Published: January 1, 2022