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Sexual Assault Response Team Goals and Motivations for Development

NCJ Number
Journal of Interpersonal Violence Dated: 2024
Date Published
March 2024

In this paper, researchers explored Sexual Assault Response Teams (SARTs) goals and motivations


This study sought to examine the goals and motivations present in Sexual Assault Response Teams (SARTs) development using a multiple-methods approach with a national random sample of n = 172 SARTs. SARTs are community-based, multidisciplinary interventions that strive to coordinate the response to sexual assault. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was used to examine factors underlying SART goals, and qualitative thematic analysis was used to explore what motivators drove SART formation. Both qualitative and quantitative analyses underscored the importance of improving the accessibility and quality of services, improving the treatment of survivors, and increasing responder collaboration. The qualitative findings offered additional insight into the importance of community education and various community contextual factors (e.g., funding and policy requirements) that influence SARTs. Findings inform future research and practice on SART goals and functioning, such as how SART goals may relate to team structure, effectiveness, and capacity-building opportunities. SARTs consist of sexual assault responders (e.g., rape crisis advocates, police, forensic examiners/Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners, and prosecutors) and seek to increase responder collaboration to improve survivors’ help-seeking experiences. There is a lack of empirical research examining factors underlying SARTs’ goals and what leads communities to form SARTs. (Published Abstract Provided)

Date Published: March 1, 2024