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Qualitative Analysis of Prosecutors' Perspectives on Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners and the Criminal Justice Response to Sexual Assault

NCJ Number
252396
Date Published
Author(s)
Thaddeus Schmitt, Theodore P. Cross, Megan Alderden
Agencies
NIJ-Sponsored
Publication Type
Article
Annotation
This study solicited and analyzed prosecutors’ perspectives on the contribution of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (SANEs) to evidence collection and trials in sexual assault cases.
Abstract
Several studies have suggested that a sexual assault case is more likely to progress in the criminal justice system when a SANE conducts the forensic medical examination; however, little is known about how prosecutors perceive SANEs and what they value about SANEs versus other medical professionals. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in one jurisdiction with eight assistant district attorneys who prosecute sexual assault cases. The interviews included questions about the value of SANEs in evidence collection and trials. Interview transcripts were analyzed to identify common themes and variability among prosecutors. The analysis of the interviews determined that most prosecutors identified advantages for the use of SANEs in evidence collection, trial preparation, and testimony. Specific advantages cited by one or more prosecutors included superior documentation, thoroughness of the physical examination, better identification of injuries, quality of relationships with patients, professionalism, skill in trial preparation and testifying, and credibility with jurors. These findings assist in validating SANEs’ contribution to the criminal justice response to sexual assault, despite the study’s limitations in sample size and inclusion of only one jurisdiction. The study also suggests the value of further education about SANEs for prosecutors who may not have the opportunity to learn about the range of skills SANEs possess. (Publisher abstract modified)
Date Created: November 20, 2019