This issue of the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) Journal featured three separate and unrelated topics in the field of criminal justice. They are three issues that illustrated the variety of challenges faced by criminal justice professionals. In the cover story, Russian organized crime is discussed. Findings are reported on a 4-year investigation into the operations of the Russian mafia in the United States. The research described the historical context and the types of crime Russian criminals in the United States have been implicated in. The second article discussed how the Federal Government is rethinking their approach to crime and justice in Indian Country with the increase in serious crime and victimization and the impact of existing programs. The Justice Department has been attempting to improve conditions through the combined funding of Federal agencies and through the encouragement of a government-to-government relationship that appreciates tribal leaders’ decision making roles. In the final article, it was pointed out that between one-half and two-thirds of the 1.8 million pathological gamblers in the United States in 2001 had committed some type of crime. This article discussed the findings of a study mandated by Congress to review the current state of gambling in the United States.