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Implementing School Based Youth Courts in a Rural Context The Impact on Students Perceptions of School Climate, Individual Functioning, and Interpersonal Relationships.

NCJ Number
253494
Date Published
2018
Length
12 pages
Author(s)
Paul R. Smokowski; Caroline Evans; Heather Wing; Meredith Bower; Martica Bacallao; James Barbee
Agencies
NIJ-Sponsored
Publication Type
Research (Applied/Empirical), Report (Study/Research), Report (Grant Sponsored), Program/Project Evaluation, Program/Project Description
Grant Number(s)
NIJ-2014-3878
Annotation
This article reports on an evaluation of the Youth Court in Schools Project's implementation in two low-income, violent, racially/ethnically diverse rural counties, examining whether the presence of Youth Court impacted students' perceptions of school danger, individual functioning, and interpersonal relationships.
Abstract
Data were obtained from 3,454 youth; following multiple imputation, data were analyzed using paired samples t tests. Results indicated that perceptions of school danger increased significantly, and self-esteem decreased significantly in the control schools pretest to posttest. Violent behavior, anxiety, friend rejection, and bullying victimization decreased significantly in the Youth Court intervention schools pretest to posttest, but did not change significantly in the control schools. Findings provide preliminary evidence that Youth Court is an effective way of improving school climate, individual functioning, and interpersonal relationships. 45 references (publisher abstract modified)
Date Created: July 20, 2021