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Excitation-Emission Matrix Fluorescence Spectroscopy Combined With MCR-ALS as a Tool for the Forensic Analysis of Similar and Dissimilar Sets of Textile Fiber Extracts

NCJ Number
255151
Date Published
2016
Length
8 pages
Author(s)
Andres D. Campiglia; Mattew Rex; Arsenio Munoz de la Pena; Hector C. Goicoechea
Agencies
NIJ-Sponsored
Publication Type
Research (Applied/Empirical), Report (Study/Research), Report (Grant Sponsored), Program/Project Description
Grant Number(s)
2006-DN-BX-K036
Annotation
Since trace textile fiber evidence is found at numerous crime scenes and plays an important role in linking a suspect to the respective scene, this article reports on a project that investigated the fluorescence of fiber dyes and fibers themselves, as well as a methodology for discriminating between fibers by using room temperature fluorescence (RTF).
Abstract
Initial systematic analysis was conducted on dye standards and extracts taken from fibers colored with the respective dyes of interest. Absorbance, excitation, and fluorescence spectra were compared between standards and extracts to determine the optimal area of the fiber to investigate dyes, fluorescent impurities, or the whole fiber. High performance liquid chromatography investigations were performed to obtain detailed information on the number of dye and fluorescent components present in extracts. Three-way Excitation Emission Matrix (EEM) data were found to give the greatest amount of spectral information and provide the highest level of discrimination. Successful discrimination between non-similar and similar fibers was achieved with the aid of second order MCR-ALS chemometric analysis. The level of discrimination obtained via RTF-EEM spectroscopy was sufficient to differentiate between two types of visually indistinguishable fibers and between fibers obtained from two separate cloths of the same material and colored with the same dye reagent. (publisher abstract modified)
Date Created: July 20, 2021