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Examining Macro-Level Impacts on Procedural Justice and Police Legitimacy

NCJ Number
239129
Journal
Journal of Criminal Justice Volume: 40 Issue: 4 Dated: July/August 2012 Pages: 333-343
Author(s)
Jacinta M. Gau; Nicholas Corsaro; Eric A. Stewart; Rod K. Brunson
Date Published
August 2012
Length
11 pages
Annotation

This study integrates the macro-level policing literature with the psychological-based procedural justice framework to uncover what effects, if any, the sociostructural environment has on procedural justice and police legitimacy.

Abstract

Many studies have lent empirical support to the procedural justice model of police legitimacy; however, there has, as yet, not been widespread consideration of the potential impact of neighborhood- and community-level factors on people's perceptions of procedural justice or police legitimacy. The present study integrates the macro-level policing literature with the psychological-based procedural justice framework to uncover what effects, if any, the sociostructural environment has on procedural justice and police legitimacy. Hierarchical linear modeling integrates census and survey data within a single, mid-sized city. Concentrated disadvantage exerted a marginally significant impact on procedural justice, and on police legitimacy while controlling for procedural justice. Procedural justice remained the strongest predictor of legitimacy, even when accounting for macro-level characteristics. The effect of procedural justice on police legitimacy appears to be robust against the deleterious impacts of concentrated disadvantage. This has implications for procedural justice research, theory, and policing. (Published Abstract)

Date Published: August 1, 2012