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Cyber Dating Abuse Among Teens Using School-Based Health Centers

NCJ Number
Date Published
Rebecca N. Dick, Heather L. McCauley, Kelly A. Jones, Daniel J. Tancredi, Sandi Goldstein, Samantha Blackburn, Erica Monasterio, Lisa James, Jay G. Silverman, Elizabeth Miller
This study estimated the prevalence of cyber dating abuse among youth aged 14 to 19 years seeking care at school-based health centers and associations with other forms of adolescent relationship abuse (ARA), sexual violence, and reproductive and sexual health indicators.
A cross-sectional survey was conducted during the 2012–2013 school year (participant n = 1008). Associations between cyber dating abuse and study outcomes were assessed via logistic regression models for clustered survey data. Past 3-month cyber dating abuse was reported by 41.4 percent of this clinic-based sample. More female than male participants reported cyber dating abuse victimization (44.6 percent vs 31.0 percent). Compared with no exposure, low- (“a few times”) and high-frequency (“once or twice a month” or more) cyber dating abuse were significantly associated with physical or sexual ARA (low: adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 2.8, 95 percent confidence interval [CI] 1.8–4.4; high: aOR 5.4, 95 percent CI 4.0–7.5) and nonpartner sexual assault (low: aOR 2.7, 95 percent CI 1.3–5.5; high: aOR 4.1, 95 percent CI 2.8–5.9). Analysis with female participants found an association between cyber dating abuse exposure and contraceptive nonuse (low: aOR 1.8, 95 percent CI 1.2–2.7; high: aOR 4.1, 95 percent CI 2.0–8.4) and reproductive coercion (low: aOR 3.0, 95 percent CI 1.4–6.2; high: aOR 5.7, 95 percent CI 2.8–11.6). (Publisher abstract modified)
Date Created: June 23, 2016