U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Crime, Grime, Fear, and Decline: A Longitudinal Look, Research in Brief

NCJ Number
177603
Date Published
July 1999
Author(s)
Ralph B. Taylor
Agencies
NIJ
Publication Series
Publication Type
Report (Study/Research)
Grant Number(s)
80-IJ-CX-0077, 93-IJ-CX-0022, 94-IJ-CX-0018, 96-IJ-CX-0067
Annotation
This study attempts to determine whether incivilities in the past are at the root of heightened neighborhood fear and crime and a structurally weakened neighborhood.
Abstract
Although physical conditions in selected Baltimore, MD, neighborhoods deteriorated over the period 1981 to 1994, residents did not report that physical or social problems were significantly worse, nor were residents living in significantly more fear. Earlier deterioration did not cause a neighborhood to "go downhill" faster. Incivilities made no independent impacts on changes in house value, home ownership or education levels. Incivilities did, however, shape later changes in poverty and vacancy rates. Neither residents' reports of incivilities in 1982 nor incivilities assessed in 1981 contributed independently and substantially to changes in fear of crime in the neighborhoods between 1982 and 1994. Far more influential was earlier neighborhood status. Tables, figure, notes
Date Created: March 2, 2007