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Computational Framework for Age-at-Death Estimation from the Skeleton: Surface and Outline Analysis of 3D Laser Scans of the Adult Pubic Symphysis

NCJ Number
Date Published
February 2017
11 pages
Detelina K. Stoyanova, Bridget F. B. Algee-Hewitt, Jieun Kim, Dennis E. Slice
This article presents forensic methods to decrease age-at-death estimation errors and improve prior method results by combining a novel age-related shape measure with two existing methodologies in multivariate regression models.
In forensic anthropology, age-at-death estimation typically requires the macroscopic assessment of the skeletal indicator and its association with a phase or score. High subjectivity and error are the recognized disadvantages of this approach, creating a need for alternative tools that enable the objective and mathematically robust assessment of true chronological age. The authors describe three fully computational, quantitative shape analysis methods and a combinatory approach that make use of three-dimensional laser scans of the pubic symphysis. They report a novel age-related shape measure, focusing on the changes observed in the ventral margin curvature, and refine two former methods, whose measures capture the flatness of the symphyseal surface. And, show how they can decrease age-estimation error and improve prior results by combining these outline and surface measures in two multivariate regression models. The presented models produce objective age-estimates that are comparable to current practices with root-mean-square-errors between 13.7 and 16.5 years. (Published Abstract)
Date Created: March 19, 2017