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Can Social Support Overcome the Individual and Structural Challenges of Being a Sex Offender? Assessing the Social Support-Recidivism Link

NCJ Number
253905
Date Published
2019
Length
23 pages
Author(s)
Kimberly R. Kras
Agencies
NIJ-Sponsored
Publication Type
Research (Applied/Empirical), Report (Study/Research), Report (Grant Sponsored), Program/Project Description
Grant Number(s)
2008-DD-BX-0002
Annotation
Using mixed methods, this study examined the nature and effects of instrumental and expressive social support from family, friends, intimate partners, and parole officers on recidivism for a sample of men convicted of sex offenses.
Abstract
Social support is important for an individual's successful reentry; however, little is known about how it operates or is influenced by individual and structural factors. Understanding how social support matters for individuals convicted of a sex offense is especially important, since they may have a different reentry experience due to the nature of their crimes and post-conviction restrictions. Results of the current study indicate that support from family, friends, and intimate partner had no effects on recidivism; however, participants reporting a positive relationship with their parole officers were at greater risk of returning to prison. Qualitative analysis of in-depth interviews sheds light on how the nature of these relationships might explain the social support-recidivism link in a high-stakes population. (publisher abstract modified)
Date Created: July 20, 2021