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Anogenital and Physical Injuries in Adolescent Sexual Assault Patients: The Role of Victim-Offender Relationship, Alcohol Use, and Memory Impairment

NCJ Number
Date Published
June 2017
10 pages
This study expanded relevant literature by examining whether factors that are salient in sexual assaults committed against adolescents—victim–offender relationship, substance use, and memory impairment—are associated with documented anogenital and physical injury rates.
Prior research has documented high rates of anogenital and physical injuries among adolescent sexual assault patients. Although a number of factors related to rates of injury detection in adolescents have been identified, there may be additional features of the assault that are disclosed in the patient history that could be important indicators of injury risk. Results of the current study indicated that victim–offender relationship, substance use, and assault memory were significantly related to the number of anogenital injuries and, particularly, the number of physical injuries detected in adolescent sexual assault patients. These results highlight the importance of a comprehensive patient history, including assessment of alcohol and drug use and memory impairment, in order to guide the medical forensic examination. (Publisher abstract modified)
Date Published: June 1, 2017