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Examination of the Short-and Long-term Impact of School Shootings

Award Information

Award #
2015-VF-GX-K113
Location
Awardee County
Los Angeles County
Congressional District
Status
Open
Funding First Awarded
2015
Total funding (to date)
$3,004,975

Description of original award (Fiscal Year 2015, $1,254,975)

Although the frequency and severity of school shootings is increasing, there is a paucity of information about the immediate and long-term consequences of these violent events on a school system and its community. By examining multiple school shootings, we can identify current gaps in services and policies, we can refine recovery protocols in school emergency plans, foster collaboration between different responding organizations, and ensure that funding streams are available during critical phases of recovery. The UCLA/Duke University National Center for Child Traumatic Stress and its National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) have a long history of create school-based recovery programs after deadly school violence. In this project, "Examination of the Long- and Short-term Impact of School Shooting," we are proposing a multiple method collaborative study to investigate the consequences associated with six school shootings that have occurred in the U.S. within the past five years. Partners include the UCLA Center for Public Health and Disasters and several of our NCTSN centers. After the formation of a Study Advisory Board consisting of national experts to help guide the research project, focus groups will be held at each of the selected sites with targeted membership from the affected population to obtain information about the acute and longer term impacts, including effects on the school system and community, responses and recovery efforts, and issues of community cohesion. Next, semi-structured interviews with key informants (such as students, parents, school
personnel, first responders, victim service providers, civic leaders, religious professionals, and media), will be conducted to obtain in-depth information about protective and vulnerability factors associated with individual, school, and community recovery, including coping strategies, the utilization and perceived benefit of victim services, and the role of culture and religion in recovery.
Third, based on information obtained from the focus groups and semi-structured interviews, structured interviews and surveys will be conducted at each study site with additional target populations. A second component of the project will obtain and analyze the content and impact of media and social media at selected study sites. Qualitative and quantitative findings from this study will be published, presented at professional meetings and on-site at the collaborating communities, presented in webinars, and incorporated into training programs of the NCTSN. Implications of the findings will be drawn for the development of recommendations for preparedness, response, and recovery of communities after catastrophic violence at school, and for policy briefs.
This project contains a research and/or development component, as defined in applicable law. ca/ncf

Although the frequency and severity of mass violence in the US is increasing, there is a paucity of information about the immediate impact, long-term consequences, and response and recovery for diverse affected populations and the community at large. In the proposed project, "Examination of the Short and Long-term Impact of Mass Violence in Communities," we will extend our existing project on the impacts of school shootings, using our mixed-method collaborative model, to investigate the consequences associated with six mass violence events that have occurred in the U.S. within the past five years. Key partners for this project include the UCLA/Duke University National Center for Child Traumatic Stress, the UCLA Center for Public Health and Disasters, the University of California, Irvine, and other site-specific collaborators. After the formation of an Advisory Board of national experts to help guide the research, focus groups and key informant interviews will be held at each of the selected study sites with targeted membership to obtain information about the acute and longer term affects, including: impact on diverse affected populations and the community; response and recovery efforts; factors that influence individual, familial, peer, and community experience; the range of coping mechanisms employed over time; the types and amounts of services and supports received; and perceived benefits of victim services. Additional areas of study will include the examination of the creation of foundations and donor organizations and how these funds are allocated, used and perceived by the community. Also, survivors’ reactions to media coverage, to participation in criminal justice activities, (including police reports, testimony at trial), and to how new incidents may trigger issues for victims and communities will be investigated. Based on information obtained from the focus groups, surveys will then be conducted at study sites with specific target populations. A second component of the project will obtain and analyze the content and impact of media and social media at selected study sites. Qualitative and quantitative findings from this study will be published, presented at professional meetings and on-site at the collaborating communities, presented in webinars, and incorporated into training programs. Implications of the findings will be drawn for recommendations regarding preparedness, response, and recovery of communities after mass violence, and for public policy.
ca/ncf

Date Created: September 27, 2015