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A Proposal for Social Science Research on Wrongful Conviction

Award Information

Award #
2009-IJ-CX-4110
Location
Status
Closed
Funding First Awarded
2011
Total funding (to date)
$450,858

Description of original award (Fiscal Year 2011, $450,858)

In an effort to improve on past research on wrongful convictions, and more importantly, to expand our understanding of the sources of wrongful convictions and craft recommendations for practitioners and policymakers, this project proposes a matched comparison study of cases of proven wrongful conviction and those of rightful acquittal or dismissal. Using quantitative and qualitative analyses, this project aims to produce more than a descriptive database of case histories; it will advance the field forward in understanding why innocent suspects are wrongly convicted in certain cases and why their charges are dismissed or their cases acquitted in other matters. In conducting a matched comparison study, the project will use two coding instruments. An initial tool will record basic facts about each case, allowing the research team to create case narratives (describing what happened in a case) in addition to permitting more advanced statistical tests (whereby the research team will analyze which factors are correlated with a wrongful conviction or rightful acquittal/dismissal). A second round of coding will apply a newly validated tool from the Police Foundation. This instrument not only records the evidence that was available to the prosecution and trier(s) of fact, but it also weighs this evidence to assess the reasonable likelihood of a suspect's guilt. A diverse panel of criminal justice experts will be convened for qualitative analyses of representative cases. In addition to a final report of findings and recommendations, the project will archive and make available a database of 500 cases and selected case narratives, as well as generating many related publications by the research team. ca/ncf

Date Created: June 1, 2011