U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Use of Force and Conducted Energy Devices

March 2012
Geoffrey P. Alpert, Professor, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of South Carolina

Dr. Alpert discusses police use of force and conducted energy devices. Segments include:

Date Created: July 17, 2019