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Exhibit 5. Participant Identification Mechanisms at Different Criminal Justice Intercepts


From the article "NIJ’s Courts Research: Examining Alternatives to Incarceration for Veterans and Other Policy Innovation," November 1, 2021.

The flowchart shows the linear connection from initial detention to first appearance to home court;  the connection between home court to unsupervised, incarceration, and community corrections; as well as the progression between unsupervised to incarceration to community corrections.

Initial Detention

  1.  VJA Self-report form.
  2. CJ Self-report form.
  3. CJ Agent question.
  4. Electronic system (VRSS).

First Appearance

  1. Arraignment workgroup questions.
  2. Participant self-identification.

Home Court

  1. Courtroom workgroup question.
  2. Participant self-identification.


  1. Participant self-identification.
  2. Treatment provider.


  1. CJ Self-report form.
  2. CJA Agent questions.
  3. VJO Self-report form.
  4. Defense counsel question.
  5. Participant self-identification.
  6. Treatment provider.

Community Corrections

  1. Officer self-report form.
  2. Officer question.
  3. Defense counsel question.
  4. Participant self-identification.
  5. Treatment provider.

Source: Julie Marie Baldwin and Richard D. Hartley, "Executive Summary: National Institute of Justice’s Multisite Evaluation of Veterans Treatment Courts," Final report to the National Institute of Justice, award number 2015-VV-BX-K020, July 2022, NCJ 305014.