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Most Common Forensic Disciplines

Description

Forensic science is the application of scientific principles and methods to matters of law and comprises a broad array of science, math, and engineering disciplines. Forensic scientists typically obtain a bachelor's or master's degree in chemistry, biology, physics, or computer science and then specialize in a specific area of study, such as toxicology, pathology, or DNA. These broad scientific disciplines give rise to many forensic subdisciplines that require specialized training and expertise.

Exhibit 1 shows these subdisciplines: Forensic biology and DNA; forensic anthropology; forensic odontology; forensic pathology; medicolegal death investigation; forensic toxicology; controlled substances; fire and arson investigation; impression and pattern evidence; firearms and toolmarks; bloodstain pattern analysis; questioned documents; trace evidence; crime scene investigation; and digital evidence.