This article provides a summary of chapter one of the forthcoming NIJ release Desistance from Crime: Implications for Research, Policy, and Practice.
One focus area that has emerged from research on crime over the course of an individual’s life is what scholars call “desistance from crime.” Desistance is generally understood to mean the reduction in criminal behavior that occurs after a person reaches adulthood. But exactly what desistance is remains unclear, as varying definitions and measurement strategies have evolved over time. Because inconsistent definitions will lead to varying measurement strategies, it is difficult to come to conclusions about desistance. This white paper looks at historical research on desistance and discusses various conceptual definitions of desistance. It then reviews how researchers have measured and modeled desistance and discusses the implications of these strategies. Finally, the paper provides an overview of unresolved issues and offers a set of recommendations for policymakers, practitioners, and scholars.
- Childhood maltreatment and cognitive functioning in middle adulthood
- The role of sleep and heart rate variability in metabolic syndrome: Evidence from the Midlife in the United States study
- “You feed and water a rose bush and eventually it blossoms”: Constructions of self-transformation among mental health court defendants.