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Testing Two Approaches to Revictimization Prevention Among Adolescent Girls in the Child Welfare System

NCJ Number
249364
Date Published
Author(s)
Anna P. DePrince, Ann T. Chu, Jennifer Labus, Stephen R. Shirk, Cathryn Potter
Annotation
Since girls in the child welfare system are at high risk of revictimization in adolescence, this study compared two interventions designed to decrease revictimization in a diverse sample of adolescent child welfare–involved girls.
Abstract
The social learning/feminist (SL/F) intervention focused on concepts derived from social learning and feminist models of risk, such as sexism and beliefs about relationships. The risk detection/executive function (RD/EF) intervention focused on development of specific executive function abilities related to detecting and responding to risky situations/people. The study found that adolescent girls in the RD/EF condition were nearly five times less likely to report sexual revictimization compared with girls in the no-treatment group. A trend suggested that girls who participated in the SL/F intervention were 2.5 times less likely to report sexual revictimization relative to the no-treatment group. For physical revictimization, the odds of not being physically revictimized were three times greater in the SL/F condition and two times greater in the RD/EF condition compared with the no-treatment group. The active interventions did not differ significantly from one another in rates of revictimization, suggesting that practitioners have at least two viable options to engage high-risk youth in revictimization prevention. Participants were randomized to RD/EF (n = 67) or SL/F intervention (n = 67). A group of youth (n = 42) engaged in the research assessments only. Participants (n = 180) were assessed before intervention, immediately after intervention, 2 months after intervention, and 6 months after intervention. Revictimization (the presence/absence of sexual or physical assault in any relationship) was examined over time. (Publisher abstract modified)
Date Created: July 12, 2016