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Street-Level Decision Making Acceptability, Feasibility, and Use of Evidence-Based Practices in Adult Probation

NCJ Number
253436
Date Published
2017
Length
26 pages
Author(s)
Jill Viglione
Agencies
NIJ-Sponsored
Publication Type
Research (Applied/Empirical), Report (Study/Research), Report (Grant Sponsored), Program/Project Description
Grant Number(s)
2014-IJ-CX-2004
Annotation
Using over 1,000 hours of observation and interview data with probation staff, this study examined how probation staff understand and use evidence-based practices (EBPs).
Abstract
Growing empirical research finds that a correctional system devoted to punishment is ineffective and can produce criminogenic effects. As a result, justice organizations, including probation, are encouraging managers and staff to adopt evidence-based practices (EBPs), supported by scientific evidence, such as validated risk and needs assessments and cognitive-behavioral therapies. Implementation of EBPs falls heavily on street-level workers, such as probation officers (POs) as they implement policy; yet, little attention has been given to whether and how EBPs align within the traditionally authoritarian justice environment. The findings of the current study indicate that probation staff continue to make discretionary decisions regarding with whom they can use EBPs and in which situations EBP use is appropriate. Findings have significant implications for the acceptability, feasibility, and transportability of EBPs in criminal justice environments. (publisher abstract modified)
Date Created: July 20, 2021