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A Review of Bacterial Interactions With Blow Flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) of Medical, Veterinary, and Forensic Importance

NCJ Number
Annals of the Entomological Society of America Volume: 110 Issue: 1 Dated: January 2017 Pages: 19-36
Date Published
January 2017
18 pages
This article highlights the research that has examined the interactions between microbes and blow flies with regards to blow fly biology, the application of such information to benefit humanity, and potential future pathways of research.
Blow flies are commonly associated with decomposing material. In most cases, the larvae are found feeding on decomposing vertebrate remains; however, some species have specialized to feed on living tissue or can survive on other alternate resources like feces. Because of their affiliation with such septic environments, these insects have close associations with microbes. Historically, a tremendous amount of research focused on these insects due to their veterinary importance. Within the past 40 years, efforts have expanded this research to include areas such as systems ecology, forensics, and even wound debridement (maggot) therapy. Initial research efforts examining the relationship between microbes and these insects were hampered by the technology available; however, with the advent of high-throughput sequencing and modern molecular techniques, new avenues of research examining these interactions have opened. (Publisher abstract modified)

Date Published: January 1, 2017