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Reasons for Lack of Consensus in Forensic Pathologist Interpretation of Photographs of Patterns of Injury of the Skin

NCJ Number
250733
Date Published
May 2017
Length
7 pages
Author(s)
William R. Oliver M.D.
Agencies
NIJ-Sponsored
Annotation
This article reviews and interprets the findings of a previous survey-based analysis of pathologists’ diagnoses of patterned injury of the skin based on photographs, without knowledge of history or context.
Abstract
The level of consensus was low. A follow-up survey was conducted to ask those who responded to the first survey why they answered as they did or why they were unsure of their answers. The most common reason for lack of consensus was that the lesion was nonspecific. Responses invoking ambiguity were more common than those that indicated a confident difference in diagnosis. There were differences between demographic groups, with age and experience being most prominent. These findings suggest that differences in image interpretation do not generally reflect firm differences in diagnosis as much as differing ways of dealing with ambiguity in the absence of history and context. A third survey will study the effect of the addition of contextual information. (Publisher abstract modified)
Date Created: May 3, 2017