The meeting's goal was to further the development of NIJ's Pretrial Research Program. Three objectives were set for the meeting in the effort to achieve this goal. One objective was to compile and present findings from past and contemporary research in order to assess what has been learned from existing pretrial research. A second objective was to convene researchers, practitioners, and pretrial experts to discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the body of pretrial research and its applications in the field. The third objective was to identify the next steps in pretrial research, including building on current lines of research and identifying gaps where new research can be developed. NIJ's pretrial research portfolio focuses on the research, development, and evaluation of pretrial release and detention policies and practices. Attention has been given to risk factors that best determine eligibility for release vs. detention; the rates and predictions of pretrial release violation, including new offenses; the rates and predictors of failure to appear in court; under what conditions pretrial defendants can be released and the features of community-based programming that improve pretrial release success; the costs and benefits of pretrial release; disparity in case processing; and special cases that involve serious mental illness, juveniles, and domestic violence. PDF accessibility from this Web page is provided for the nine speaker presentations, which pertained to various issues in and descriptions of pretrial policies and programs. The meeting agenda and participant list are also provided.