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Justice in Indian Country: A Process Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Justice Indian Country Justice Initiative -- Final Evaluation Report

NCJ Number
Date Published
171 pages
Publication Series

This study investigates ways to improve coordination among the Federal and American Indian Nations (AIN) justice systems.


The Indian Country Justice Initiative (ICJI) program was developed to enhance the working relationship among governmental entities to improve the safety and quality of life for AIN citizens. The Pueblo of Laguna Nation (PLN) in New Mexico and the Northern Cheyenne Nation (NCN) in Montana were selected as initial sites for program implementation. The project examined ways to improve coordination among the Federal and AIN justice systems as well as relevant service providers; encourage and develop innovative approaches to justice; improve existing systems including communications and procedures; strengthen offender supervision and treatment; expand prevention, intervention and training activities; and enforce laws against major crimes, especially those involving violence. A major component of the initiative encourages the PLN and NCN to apply for grants from the Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs. Preventive efforts within AINs need to focus on youth and the promotion of the native culture. Classes that focus on American Indian history, civics, and languages are important components of a comprehensive program to prevent violence among youth and adults and to promote respect for the native cultures and their governments. Notes, tables, figures, references, appendixes, glossary

Date Published: January 1, 1998