U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Human Organ Tissue Identification by Targeted RNA Deep Sequencing to Aid the Investigation of Traumatic Injury

NCJ Number
253245
Date Published
2017
Length
2 pages
Author(s)
Erin Hanson; Jack Ballantyne
Agencies
NIJ-Sponsored
Publication Type
Report (Study/Research), Report (Grant Sponsored), Program/Project Description
Grant Number(s)
2014-DN-BX-K019, 2016-DN-BX-0165
Annotation
In this article, researchers report on their development of a prototype massively parallel sequencing (MPS) mRNA profiling assay for organ tissue identification that is designed to definitively identify 10 organ/tissue types using a targeted panel of 46 mRNA biomarkers.
Abstract
Molecular analysis of the RNA transcriptome from a putative tissue fragment should permit the assignment of its source to a specific organ, since each will exhibit a unique pattern of gene expression. Determination of the organ source of tissues from crime scenes may aid in shootings and other investigations. The organs and tissues identified with the tested prototype profiling assay included brain, lung, liver, heart, kidney, intestine, stomach, skeletal muscle, adipose, and trachea. The biomarkers were chosen after iterative specificity testing of numerous candidate genes in various tissue types. The assay is very specific, with little cross-reactivity with non-targeted tissue, and can detect RNA mixtures from different tissues. Researchers also demonstrated the ability of the assay to identify the tissue source of origin using a single blind study. (publisher abstract modified)
Date Created: July 20, 2021