U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Expanding Use of the Social Reactions Questionnaire Among Diverse Women

NCJ Number
251459
Date Published
Author(s)
Anne P. DePrince, Julia Dmitrieva, Kerry L. Gagnon, Jennifer Labus, Tejaswinhi Srinivas, Naomi Wright
Annotation
This study developed and tested a modified version of the Social Reactions Questionnaire (SRQ), which asked women who had experienced a recent sexual assault to report social reactions to their disclosure of the assault to criminal justice personnel, community-based providers, and informal supports; and the study also examined changes in victims’ social reactions longitudinally and their impact on the women’s criminal justice engagement and posttraumatic distress.
Abstract
Overall, women reported significant differences in reactions from informal supports, criminal justice personnel, and community-based providers. Informal supports reacted significantly more negatively across all negative scales (treated differently, taking control, distraction, victim blaming, and egocentric responses) compared to the reactions of criminal justice personnel or community-based providers. Women also reported that informal supports provided less tangible aid/information than criminal justice personnel and community-based providers. Victim demographic and sexual assault characteristics did not consistently predict social reactions. The women reported significant decreases in both negative reactions and tangible aid from all three groups within 3 months from the disclosure. Victim blaming at baseline did not predict posttraumatic stress disorder (depression and alcohol-use symptoms); however, negative reactions from criminal justice personnel and community-based servers did undermine victims’ willingness to cooperate in case processing. The common themes that were critical determinants of victim cooperation were sensitive communication, believing the victim, and having input and choice in case processing. Women also felt validated when they received information on support resources and felt attention was being given to their cases. Participants were 228 women ages 18 to 62. The women’s characteristics and study methodology are described. 1 table and 16 references
Date Created: January 7, 2018