There are 15 chapters and four appendixes. The first chapter reviews the history of fingerprint analysis as a means of identifying individuals. This is followed by a chapter on the anatomy and physiology of adult friction ridge skin and a chapter on the embryology and morphology of friction ridge skin. The next two chapters address the recording of living and postmortem friction ridge exemplars and systems of friction ridge classification. A separate chapter focuses on the Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS). Chapters that pertain to the processes of identifying, collecting, preserving, and analyzing fingerprints address latent print development, the preservation of friction ridges, the examination process, and the documentation of friction ridge impressions from the scene to the conclusion. Two chapters relevant to fingerprint lab work consider equipment used and quality assurance. Chapters relevant to the role of fingerprint analysis in the criminal justice field focus on fingerprints and the law; scientific research that supports the foundations of friction ridge examinations; and special abilities and vulnerabilities in forensic expertise. Four appendixes contain information on authors and reviewers biographies; the origin of the Scientific Working Group on Friction Ridge Analysis, Study, and Technology (SWGFAST); members of SWGFAST; and SWGFAST standard terminology of friction ridge examination, Ver.3.0.