U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Effects of Cognitive Interviewing and Practice on Children's Recall Performance

NCJ Number
Date Published
January 1992
13 pages
This article presents data obtained from two experiments to determine the effects of cognitive interviewing and practice on children's recall performance.
In the first experiment a staged event was carried out that involved a private encounter between an unfamiliar man and two children. Results showed that questioning techniques based on principles from cognitive psychology significantly increased the number of correct facts recalled by both 7- to 8-year-olds and 10- to 11-year-olds over that gained with standard interview procedures and without affecting the number of incorrect items generated. These results were replicated in the second experiment with a different staged event and with 8-to 9-year-olds and 11- to 12-year-olds. The second experiment also assessed the impact of a prior practice cognitive interview, and practice was found to be effective for both age groups. Tables, references, appendixes

Date Published: January 1, 1992